Green Party co-leader Marama Davidson launched the party’s “Homes For All” policy on Sunday and it features some ambitious goals, most of which revolve around social housing.
One goal is to deliver enough affordable rental homes to clear the social housing waiting list, which currently numbers 18,000 people, within five years.
Another is to stimulate a sustainable non-profit rental sector by offering Crown financial guarantees for community providers to build new rental properties.
It also wants to remove funding and regulatory barriers to encourage community housing projects and overhaul the building code.
Additionally, the Greens say they want to “make renting fairer” by requiring landlords to be registered with the Ministry of Housing & Urban Development and by extending the current regulatory framework for real estate agents to include property managers.
They also want to introduce a Warrant of Fitness (WOF) for rental properties as an enforcement mechanism. This would require all rental properties to be independently assessed for compliance with the Healthy Homes Standards.
Davidson says successive Governments have sold off too much social and community housing, while letting the homes they do have fall into disrepair.
“They’ve also allowed speculators to over-invest in property, pushing up house prices and leaving too many families struggling with the high cost of rent.”
Housing is a human right and the Green’s plan is a blueprint to ensure everyone is in a warm, dry home, whether they rent or own, she says.
For landlords, the Green’s new policies come as no surprise. The Party has long advocated for rental WOFs and greater regulation of landlords and property managers.
But there’s a growing consensus that the latest announcements are further evidence the Green Party does not believe there is room for private landlords in the rental property sector.
That’s because they come hot on the heels of Davidson’s speech during the debate on the Residential Tenancies Amendment Bill last week, during which she said the reforms “will incentivise property owners to move out of owning property for rental purposes”.
Auckland Property Investors Association president Andrew Bruce says it seems the end goal of the Greens is to push private landlords out of the market, yet reasonable landlords do want to provide a safe and decent level of accommodation to their tenants.
“As soon as you start bringing further rules [like WOFs] in though, people start getting overly officious about how they are interpreted – and that will drive private landlords, who are already trying to get their heads around the Healthy Home Standards, out.”
To Bruce, it begs the question of whether the long-term implications of some of the policies being put forward have been thought through.
He cites some of his properties which he has upgraded fully to the standards now required as examples. The upgrades meant he had to raise the rent on the properties and the tenants he had ended up moving out and into social housing.
“It makes you think – are these things, which sound good on the surface, actually being done with any foresight into what might happen as a result, or is it more important to get a good short-term soundbite?”
For NZ Property Investors Federation executive officer Sharon Cullwick, now is simply not the right time to impose compulsory requirements on landlords.
Requiring landlords to register and introducing a rental WOF will just create further expenses for landlords and that will end up increasing costs for tenants, she says.
“That’s not the right thing to do in a housing crisis. It will only serve to decrease supply at a time when more supply is needed.”
Cullwick also says that good landlords support policies like the Healthy Homes minimum standards, which make rental housing better for tenants, and are working to meet the requirements.
“Rental properties that are far from up to scratch and need lots of work will slowly drop off the market but the Green’s latest proposals won’t help the current situation.”
Meanwhile, property management consultant David Faulkner believes the Green Party proposals would create a boom for the property management industry.
Alongside the recent passing of the Government’s tenancy law reforms, they would just drive business to property management companies, he says.
“I’m a landlord but I use a property management company to manage my properties because I would rather pass all the issues, and compliance considerations, involved on to someone else.
“Having said that, there are still some shonky property management companies out there and some people will go to them, but they are lots of property managers who know what they are doing and are doing it well.”
As such, he thinks the regulation of property managers is long overdue and will benefit those who are carrying out the business well.
But, like both Bruce and Cullwick, he questions whether the Green Party – which he says fails to differentiate between speculators and investors - wants private landlords to exist at all.
“It seems that they want the state alone to be landlords, but there are all sorts of practical restraints on that. And, furthermore, all the costs would fall on taxpayers. It’s not possible to keep maxing that out like a credit card.”
Read the Green Party’s “Homes For All” policy here.